Your veins contain tiny valves that help ensure blood flows in the right direction. When those valves become damaged or weak, they no longer function the way they should, allowing blood to flow backward and “pool up,” resulting in bulging and discoloration as well as symptoms like pain, itching, heaviness or weakness in the affected area. Valve damage may occur as a result of age, weight gain, occupations that require prolonged periods of standing or sitting, pregnancy, genetics or other causes.
Laser treatment (also called endovenous laser treatment, or EVLT) uses a thin, flexible tube, or catheter, that's inserted into the vein. Once the catheter is in place, a laser fiber is inserted through the catheter to the area of damage. The fiber emits highly-focused laser energy to damage the vein lining, causing the vein to collapse or close and preventing the flow of blood through the diseased vessel. Instead, blood is automatically routed through health vessels for better circulation.
Yes, lasers have been used for many years to safely and successfully treat varicose veins. The procedure is performed in the office in less than an hour, and there's no need for general anesthesia or stitching, which means far less risk of complications compared to many vein treatments, as well as faster recovery and less discomfort.
Once your treatment is over, you'll be encouraged to walk to maintain health circulation and promote the rerouting of blood through health veins. You may be given compression stockings to wear to speed recovery, and vigorous physical activity like gym workouts will be prohibited during the initial phase of healing to allow your vein to close properly.
Please keep in mind some insurances require referrals.