A hernia is a weakened spot in muscular tissue that allows an organ or other tissue to protrude outside its normal area of containment. Most hernias occur in the abdomen, usually in the groin, when a weak spot in the abdominal wall allows a portion of the bowel or other tissue to protrude and bulge. These hernias are called inguinal hernias. Most hernias cause considerable pain and often appear as bulging areas. Without immediate treatment, serious medical conditions can develop. Hernias can occur for many reasons, most commonly as a result of lifting or moving heavy objects or even as a result of pregnancy. In most cases, weak areas of muscle are congenital, which means the weakness has existed since birth.
Hernias require surgery to help strengthen the muscle wall to prevent organs and tissues from protruding through the weakened area. In most cases, surgery can be performed using minimally-invasive techniques that rely on very small incisions and are associated with faster healing, less discomfort and less scarring. During the procedure, small incisions are made near the hernia to enable a special instrument called a laparoscope to access the area. The laparoscope has a camera that transmits pictures of the area to a monitor for viewing. Repair is performed through these incisions using a mesh material that serves as a strong “patch” to strengthen the weak spot and prevent the hernia from recurring.
Once the procedure is complete, you'll go to a recovery area for a couple of hours for observation, then you'll be allowed to return home. You'll have some discomfort for a day or two that can be managed with pain medication. Most patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery can return to work within about a week.
Please keep in mind some insurances require referrals.