What is a hernia?
A hernia is a weakened spot in muscular tissue that allows an organ or other tissue to protrude outside its normal area of containment. Most hernias occur in the abdomen, usually in the groin, when a weak spot in the abdominal wall allows a portion of the bowel or other tissue to protrude and bulge. These hernias are called inguinal hernias. Most hernias cause considerable pain and often appear as bulging areas. Without immediate treatment, serious medical conditions can develop. Hernias can occur for many reasons, most commonly as a result of lifting or moving heavy objects or even as a result of pregnancy. In most cases, weak areas of muscle are congenital, which means the weakness has existed since birth.
How are hernias treated?
Hernias require surgery to help strengthen the muscle wall to prevent organs and tissues from protruding through the weakened area. In most cases, surgery can be performed using minimally-invasive techniques that rely on very small incisions and are associated with faster healing, less discomfort and less scarring. During the procedure, small incisions are made near the hernia to enable a special instrument called a laparoscope to access the area. The laparoscope has a camera that transmits pictures of the area to a monitor for viewing. Repair is performed through these incisions using a mesh material that serves as a strong “patch” to strengthen the weak spot and prevent the hernia from recurring.
What is recovery like?
Once the procedure is complete, you'll go to a recovery area for a couple of hours for observation, then you'll be allowed to return home. You'll have some discomfort for a day or two that can be managed with pain medication. Most patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery can return to work within about a week.
What are the symptoms of hernias?
A common symptom of most hernias is a visible lump or bulge and possibly some discomfort or pain. The bump or bulge may not always exist; for instance, it might go away when you lie down. Indications may worsen when standing, straining, or lifting heavy objects. A doctor can confirm most hernias during a physical exam, but sometimes imaging is necessary.
When might I need emergency surgery?
Look for instant medical attention if there are signs that your hernia has become stuck or strangulated, which can be life-threatening and usually involves emergency Hernia mesh surgery in New York.
Signs of this state consist of:
A hernia bulge that is all of a sudden larger than before
A hernia bulge is to go back inside the abdomen area
Fever or weakness
Redness in the area of the hernia
Unexpected or severe pain or sensitivity in the area of the hernia is one of the symptoms
Indicators of intestinal obstruction, such as stomach pain, swelling, nausea, and vomiting
How soon can a patient resume regular activities after hernia surgery?
Your Hernia specialist in New York will provide you with a particular plan but may not be able to give you an exact time frame in advance. Specialists usually cannot fully notice the severity of a hernia until they complete the surgery.
Hernias are outpatient surgeries. In general, the earlier you start moving afterwards, the better this movement helps prevent constipation and blood clots. Be sure to stick to the surgeon’s instructions about what you can lift, how to lift, and just how long to remain on any limitations; some may be long-lasting.